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exiting hindostan

The objective is to find the means by which the Voynich Manuscript (Ms) may be translated.

In order to achieve this we intend to follow the migration path of three distinct, yet related tribes who travelled from northern India to the borders of Europe.

The Rom, the Dom and the Lom.

Source: points of compass.

And as it is with any proposition, there are matters that must be dealt with.



“It is now, we believe, generally admitted that Hindostan is the natural country of the Gypsies; and of the three dialects generally used in that country, the language of the Surat, the ancient Sarashtra, resembles the most nearly that used by his people (sic).”

Source: Deardon’s Miscellany



On reaching northern Mesopotamia and the eastern boundary of the Byzantine Empire towards the end of the tenth and beginning of the eleventh century they split into three groups. The ben speaking Dom who took the southern route or stayed in the Middle East, and two phen speaking groups, the Lom, who went north and the Rom, who took the western route.

Source: Gypsies in the Ottoman Empire: A Contribution to the History of the Balkans by Elena Marushiakova, Veselin Popov. Oct 2016.



The Dom and the Lom are not Rom, they are two other populations of Indian origin who migrated earlier and never reached Europe. There is no record of any written language(s), although there are several suggestions for Romani, including one based on Devanagari

Source: Ian Hancock, Professor, Department of Linguistics, College of Liberal Arts, University of Texas.



Based on language, Roma are divided into three populations. They are the Domari of the Middle East and Eastern Europe (the Dom), the Lomarvren of Central Europe (the Lom), and the Romani of Western Europe (the Rom). There is no universal written Romani language in use by all Roma. However, the codification of a constructed, standardized dialect is currently in progress by members of the Linguistic Commission of the International Romani Union.

Source:┬áKemal Vural Tarlan – authors the Middle East Gypsies website


A journey of a thousand miles begins with a single step.

Source: Lao Tzu

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